Abstracts

 

Trendology of Cinema after the Islamic Revolution of Iran

Ne’matullah Karamallahi / Associate Professor of Sociology, University of Bagher-e-Ulum         

                                                                                                                     n.karamollahi@gmail.com

Sayyed Hossein Sharafaddin / Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, IKI          sharaf@qabas.net

 Rafi'addin Ismaili / Ph.D. in Culture & Communication and Director and Head of the Department of Culture & Communication, Imam Hossein University                                                                                                                                  

Received: 2017/05/31 - Accepted: 2017/10/10                                             Rafi.esmaeili@Yahoo.com

 

Abstract

The life of an intellectual and artistic trend requires the use of ideological and cultural tools to internalize its core elements among its audience. The position of mainstream and outdated trends also greatly depends on the performance of cultural instruments, and, of course more important, on cultural and social planning. Now that over three decades of ups and downs have elapsed since the outbreak of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, indicating the current cinematic trends and examining their relationship with the ideal artistic trend of the Islamic Revolution can be helpful for understanding the art of the Revolution. Reviewing cinema according to the two Islam and secularism, this study seeks to provide social worlds a theoretical basis for analyzing the cultural cinema trends in Iran. After making a review of the cinema of these two worlds, the details and ups and downs of the cinema in the post revolution period is analyzed. In the end, selecting films which have to do with each trend, this paper analyzes the notable works of each trend in each of the political-cultural periods following the Islamic Revolution. Trend semiotics has been used in analyzing the film.

Key words: cinema, trend, the Islamic Revolution, intellectualism, social worlds.



The Methodology of Social Fiqh from the Time of Its
Foundation to the Period of the Consolidation of Its Position

 

Mohammad Bagher Rabbani / Ph.D. Student of Contemporary Muslim Thought, Jame’at al-Mostafa al-Alamiye, Tehran Branch                                                                                                                           rabani413@yahoo.com

Ghassem Ebrahimipour / Assistant Professor of Sociology Department at IKI                                 

Received: 2017/06/28 - Accepted: 2017/10/30                                         ebrahimipoor14@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

The political isolation of the Shia in many historical periods has often led Shiite fiqh to adopt an individual approach. However, in some historical periods, governments’ support for the Shi'a school of thought or the rising of Shi'ism to power led to development of the discipline of fiqh including the adoption of a social approach under the name of social fiqh “Fiqh al-Ijtima”. Mking a methodological analysis, this paper seeks to examine the epistemic and non-epistemic principles of Shiite social fiqh from the Safavid period to the present time. This review shows that the individual characteristics of such jurists as Mohammad Karki, Mirza Shirazi, late Na'ini, Shahid Sadr and Imam Khomeini, in the appropriate sociopolitical context, have led fiqh towards attending to specific epistemological foundations, including the role of time and place, expediency, intentions, expert's opinions, history of Islam and the narratives which are not concerned with fiqh in the process of ijtihad  which has led to the adoption of a social approach to fiqh, establishment, consolidation of the position of social fiqh and its full development.

Key words: social fiqh, fiqh methodology, Fiqh a-Ijtima’, time and place, expediency.


 

The Formulation of “The Mystery of the Shah“
Serial in the Triple Treatment of Ontology, History and Media

 

Sayyed Hasem Hashemi / Ph.D. student of Political Science, University of Tehran                          

Received: 2017/07/18 - Accepted: 2017/11/23                                                hashemi194@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

The serial "The Mystery of the Shah" is a realistic narrative on the contemporary Iranian history. Regarding the media structure, the concept of Iran in this series is considered as an independent variable and the actors and the events are regarded as dependent variables. In fact, Iran is considered as the heart of this narrative, and all the happenings are viewed from this angel. The historical heroes are praiseworthy because they seek the greatness of Iran, and those who are not in accord with the pattern of the concept of Iran are despised. In terms of content, in this series, the triple level of consciousness, namely, history, media and ontology are remarkably harmonious, and this homogeneous composition, which adds true meaning to the formulation of the serial, has specific semantic outcomes. The present study seeks to analyze the content of the serial and touches on the general approach on which the structure of the film is based. This general review indicates the realistic approach to the production of the serial about the contemporary history.

Key words: history, media, ontology, Iran, Shah, realism.


 

The Determinants of Marriage
Age among the Married Women Aged 15 to 35 in Marvast

 

@ Rahele Zare’ Mehrjerdi / Faculty Member of Social Sciences, Payam noor University, Iran         

                                                                                                             pnu.zaremehrjardi@yahoo.com

Ghorban Hosseini / MA in Demography and Research Expert at the Institute for the Comprehensive and Specialized Study and Management of the Country’s Population                                                                                                                   

Received: 2017/04/24 - Accepted: 2017/09/30                                         ghorban.hosseni@gmail.com

 

Abstract

Marriage is the basis for family life and one of the factors affecting population growth and age-related changes. Using an analytical research method, this survey seeks to study the determinants of marriage age in Marvast. The findings show that the marriage age of 84% of respondents is under the age of 25. Also, 82% of them are housewives and 62.6% have diploma or lower degrees. According to 93.3% of the respondents, the maximum proper age marriage for is 20 to 29. Women’s marriage age has a significant positive correlation with the education and income of spouses, husband's marriage age, the maximum proper age for the girl's marriage, living a life of luxury and city life. The relationship between women's attitude towards marriage and women's marriage age is significantly opposite. Working women those who have an urban background, those who are married to a non-relative and those who independently decide on their marriage marry at an older age .On the other hand, the women who consider marriage as the most important way of gaining independence, and regard good morals and family of noble desent as the most important criteria for choosing the spouse marry at a younger age. The relationship between the variable of women's attitudes towards gender equality and their marriage age is not significant.

Key words: determinants of marriage age, young married women, Marvast.